Picea engelmannii

Engelmann spruce

Habit: slow growing spruce with spreading somewhat drooping branches and a dense narrow conical crown. The bark is a light red to grayish brown, soft and scaly. The dark blue-green leaves are stiff, four sided, and sharply pointed. The pendulous pollen cones are purple, while the seed cones are light to dark brown and usually 1-2.5 in (3-6 cm) long.  When found at high elevations, Picea engelmannii is more shrub like and twisted and bent.

Ecology: found growing at mostly high altitudes, timberline on moist, north facing slopes and in canyons at elevations between 3200-9800 ft (1000-3000 m).

Growing Conditions: full sun to partial shade, moist, nutrient rich, well-drained soil. Cold hardy, a very low tolerance to heat and drought.

Used in the soundboards of violins, pianos and guitars. Also used in making alcoholic and non-alcoholic spruce beer.



Evergreen Coniferous Tree
82-147 ft (25-45 m)
trunk 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m)
USDA Zones:

Native Habitat

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